Types of cars
A hatchback is a car type with a rear door that opens upwards. They typically feature a four-door configuration, excluding the rear door. However, two-door hatchbacks are not uncommon.
Out of the different types of cars, a sedan (US) or a saloon (UK) is traditionally defined as a car with four doors and a typical boot/ trunk. A slightly technical detail is that it usually features a 3-box configuration with each of the boxes categorically used for the engine, passenger, and cargo.
Sedans have several sub-types such as notch back, fastback, compact, and sub-compact. It may be interesting to note that cars such as the older generation models of the Skoda Octavia are often incorrectly referred to as notch backs.
A multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) or multi-utility vehicle (MUV) are commonly known as 'people carriers'. They are designed to offer enhanced space and comfort for passengers with two or three rows of seating and large doors. The third row on MPVs/ MUVs can generally be reconfigured.
Conventionally, a sports utility vehicle (SUV) is a big car built on a body-on-frame chassis, sports increased ground clearance and offers off-roading capabilities to a certain extent. With that said, the aforementioned definition of an SUV has blurred over time and often includes both off-roaders and soft-roaders.
a car with a longer body than usual, incorporating a large carrying area behind the seats and having an extra door at the rear for easy loading.
A simple, and common, definition of a crossover would be that it is a vehicle that combines the features of an SUV and a hatchback. Crossover vehicles offer soft-roading capabilities and are constructed like a car - they use unibody construction instead of the body-on-frame platform used in SUVs.
A coupe is classically defined as a closed two-door car with a fixed roof. Considered sporty by nature, it generally gets just 2 seats or with a smaller-than-average rear. The typical definition of a coupe has evolved over time and differs across manufacturers and now is also ascribed to cars with four doors and coupe-like proportions, chiefly for their sporty appeal instead of number of doors.
A convertible, a.k.a. a cabriolet or roadster, is a car with a roof structure that can be 'converted' to allow open-air or enclosed driving. They feature either a retractable hardtop roof or soft folding top.
A pickup truck is a light-duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.
A sports car is designed to emphasis handling, performance or thrill of driving.
is a luxury vehicle driven by a chauffeur with a partition between the driver's compartment and the passenger's compartment. A car with a partition and a greatly lengthened wheelbase is called a "stretch limousine".
A classic car is an older automobile; the exact definition varies around the world. The common theme is of an older car with enough historical interest to be collectable and worth preserving or restoring rather than scrapping. Cars 20 years and older typically fall into the classic class.